In the very early 1800’ s, a young boy about 14 years old named John lived in an orphanage (孤儿院) in Old England along with several other children. Orphan meant unwanted and unloved.
Christmas was the one day of the year when the children didn’t work and received a gift, an orange. Usually they tried to taste and preserve it for so long that it often rotted before they ever peeled(剥开)it to enjoy the sweet juice. Many thought were expressed as Christmas time approached. The children would say, “I will keep mine the longest.” John usually slept with his next to his pillow. This year John was overjoyed by the Christmas season. He was becoming a man and stronger and soon he would be old enough to leave. He would save his orange until his birthday in July.
Christmas day finally came. The children were so excited as they entered the big dining hall. Immediately the master shouted, “John, leave the hall and there will be no orange for you this year.” John’s heart broke violently wide open. He turned and went swiftly back to the cold room. Then he heard the door open and each of the children entered. Little Elizabeth with her hair falling over her shoulders, a smile on her face, and tears in her eyes held out a piece of rag to John. “Here John,” she said, “this is for you.” As he lifted back the edges of the rag he saw a big juicy orange all peeled and quartered and then he realized what they had done.
John never forgot the sharing, love and personal sacrifice his friends had shown him that Christmas day. In memory of that day every year he would send oranges all over the world to children everywhere.
1. The first paragraph is mainly to tell us that ______.
A. John lived in the early 1800’ s B. John’s parents had died
C. John lived a hard life in an orphanage D. John lived with several other children
2. These children would be happiest when ______.
A. they got the special gift B. they preserved it very long
C. they finally enjoyed the sweet juice D. they entered the dining hall
3. What would overjoy John most the next year according to the second paragraph?
A. He placed his orange next to his pillow.
B. He would eat his orange on his birthday.
C. He wouldn’t get his special gift.
D. He would stay in the orphanage for another year
4. According to the text, where did John’s orange come from this year?
A. It was made up of what these children donated.
B. His master gave him a whole one again.
C. These children bought him one.
D. Little Elizabeth donated hers to John.
5. What can be inferred from the text?
A. John had expected he wouldn’t get the gift this year.
B. John knew why he didn’t get the gift this year.
C. John felt ashamed for not getting the special gift.
D. The story teaches us to learn to share with others.
The old teacher had to give up teaching because his hand was ________ trembling．
Today's huge earthquake and tsunami sent home the idea that despite advances in building and infrastructure, we're all subject to Mother Nature． In today's increasingly interconnected economy, the economic fallout from a natural disaster is rarely limited to the geographic area it hits． In fact, even natural disasters that take place thousands of miles away can shake up your portfolio（资产）here at home．
One of the biggest problems for areas affected by natural disasters is business disruption（动乱）．With road, communication infrastructure and building damage common after sizable disasters, it's not uncommon for local businesses to shut down for some time． That's what happened after Hurricane（飓风）Katrina hit the Gulf coast back in 2005．As companies recovered from their losses, thousands of workers in Louisiana, Texas and Mississippi were left jobless, With this mass unemployment came a severe cutback in consumer spending and consequently, tax income needed to be used in the rebuilding effects．
Less obvious---but perhaps even more significant-- are the effects that a natural disaster can have on commodity prices． In the case of Hurricane Katrina, the storm's entry point at the Golf coast was significant because of the fact that the refineries（冶炼厂）through which nearly half of the gasoline consumed in the US passed were affected by the storm．As a result, people cannot go out from their houses, food supplies were affected immediately after the disasters made landfall．With increased radiation pump prices, extra effects included: reduced profits for industries ---from transportation to consumer goods．
Similar things happened in the copper market as earthquake in Chile hit production and increased copper prices worldwide． Ultimately, it's difficult to imagine the extent of the economic loss major natural and man-made disasters can bring about．And although the majority of disasters impact the ruined area's economy severely, they can have an effect on a larger scale．Although there's little we can do to avoid Mother Nature's next catastrophe, we can better prepare for it---both physically and financially．Understanding the economic implications of a disaster whether natural or man-made is the first step toward that．
72．According to the first paragraph, we learn that ．
A．people should not fight against nature
B．we should improve the technology in building
C．some effects of a natural disaster can be avoided
D．natural disasters can affect places that are far away
73．After Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf coast, ．
A．many companies moved out of the area
B．many workers were out of work in the area
C．taxes were raised around the country to support the area
D．transportation was stopped for quite a long time in the area
74．Oi1 and gas supplies were affected at once after the storm because ．
A．the need for oil and gas suddenly increases
B．the gas companies raised the prices on purpose
C．the production of oil and gas was influenced by the storm
D．there was not a suitable place to trade oil and gas any more
75．The passage was written mainly about_ ．
A．giving advice on how to avoid natural disasters
B．showing us the importance of protecting the nature
C．telling us about the financial effects of natural disasters
D．showing us how to recover from natural disaster swiftly
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